Transportation of people or cargo can now be achieved without the restrictions or energy loss due to wheels, transmissions, bearings, bushings, rollers, and friction. These carriers can be translated by pushing them into position to simplify efficient logistics before and after transportation. Hover systems can be used to lift as well as accelerate carriers omni-directionally, which makes it possible to assemble carriages in a small space simply by moving them where they need to be. New ways of moving are possible, such as translating a carrier sideways without affecting its forward velocity.
Carriers can translate on fully open floor formats, special shaped hover tracks, or inside tubes or half-pipes without making surface contact. The hover engines can be placed in any configuration to prevent contact with a surface during terrain aberrations and can be used for braking as well as accelerating while maintaining a hover over a properly prepared surface. With lifting efficiencies achieving 40 watts per kilogram (or better), the energy savings of frictionless motion can be significant. In addition, the simple passive hover surface significantly reduces the cost of infrastructure as compared to older MagLev technologies. This combination of efficiency and low-cost infrastructure can make hovering mass transportation affordable. Hovering clearance can be significantly higher than older MagLev technologies, which provides a greater margin of safety as well as better magnetic flux shock absorption, culminating in a better ride.